CDS Syllabus and CDS Exam Pattern 2023

CDS Syllabus 2023: UPSC (Union Public Service Commission) released the Combined Defence Service (CDS) Notification on 17th May 2023 for the recruitment of candidates in the Indian Armed Forces. The Combined Defence Services exam is going to be conducted on 3rd September 2023 at various examination centers all over India by UPSC. Students can choose their category according to their interest and eligibility i.e. IMA, INA, AFA, and OTA. The details for these are discussed here.

CDS Exam 2023 Overview

Candidates who want to enter into Defence Forces through CDS must be looking for its exam pattern, topics-wise marking schemes, the number of questions and other related useful information. Though the CDS syllabus has not changed much still few changes are there which you may face while appearing for the exam. One needs to be well-versed with the pattern and syllabus of the CDS exam. In this article, we have provided you with the information related to CDS Exam 2023 Pattern and Detailed CDS Syllabus.

CDS English Syllabus 2023:

CDS English Syllabus consists of the following topics. The level of difficulty of questions will be of the secondary school level. Candidates are advised to read newspapers, books, and magazines regularly to improve their reading and writing skills.

  • Comprehension passages
  • Synonyms and antonyms
  • Fill in the blanks
  • Error spotting
  • Sentence improvement
  • Jumbled sentences
  • Idioms and phrases
  • Vocabulary
  • Grammar and usage
  • Parts of speech
  • Direct and indirect speech
  • Active and passive voice
  • Rearrangement of sentences
  • Cloze test.

CDS Syllabus 2023 for General Knowledge:

General knowledge includes awareness of current affairs and everyday observations and experiences that include a scientific component, as might be anticipated of an educated person who has not specifically studied any scientific field. Additionally, there will be geography and Indian history questions on the examination that any qualified candidate should be able to respond to without additional study.

  • Indian History
  • Political Science
  • Economics
  • Geography
  • Environment
  • General Science – Physics, Chemistry, Biology
  • Current Affairs – National & International Awards,
  • Summits, Sports, Conference; Books & Authors etc.
  • Defence Related Questions – Army, Navy, Air Force.

CDS Syllabus 2023 for Mathematics:

Arithmetic, trigonometry, geometry, measurements, statistics, and other related topics comprise the syllabus of CDS Elementary Mathematics. To improve the preparation and the results, this paper needs constant practice and committed efforts. To answer these questions within the allotted time and provide the necessary outcomes, the applicants must retain accuracy and speed. For the complete syllabus of individual topics of mathematics.

CDS Syllabus 2023 OTA:

The CDS 2023 exam syllabus covers subjects such as General Knowledge, English, and Elementary Mathematics. But those candidates who are going to appear for CDS OTA 2023 do not have to give the Mathematics paper because for CDS 2023 OTA, only English and General Knowledge subjects are included in their syllabus. English and General Knowledge syllabi for both (OTA and IMA, INA, AFA) are the same.

CDS Exam Important Instructions

Write only in Black ballpoint pen, your Centre and subject followed by the CDS 2023 test booklet series (in brackets), subject code and the exam roll number at the appropriate space provided on the answer sheet at the top.
Encode your CDS 2023 booklet series (A, B, C, or D as the case may be), subject code and roll number in the circles provided for the purpose in the answer sheet.
In case the CDS booklet series is not printed on the test booklet or the answer sheet is un-numbered then candidates should report immediately to the invigilator and get the test booklet/answer sheet replaced.
Candidates should note that any omission/mistakes/discrepancy in encoding/filling of details in the CDS 2023 OMR answer sheet, especially with regard to the Roll Number and Test Booklet Series Code, will render the answer sheet liable for rejection.


Q1. What is the official website of UPSC CDS syllabus?

Ans: The CDS syllabus is available on Official website of UPSC which is and

Q2. How many papers are there in the UPSC CDS exam?

 Ans: There are 3 Papers for IMA/INA/AFA i.e. General Knowledge, English and Mathematics. There is no Mathematics paper for OTA category.

Q3. In which language UPSC CDS exam will be taken?

Ans: UPSC CDS will be taken in both Hindi as well as English.






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