Fastest Supercomputer in India

Introduction of Fastest Supercomputer in India

Fastest Supercomputer in India, supercomputers are computers with multiple processors having very high computational speed and efficiency in handling complex data quickly. They are the umbrella of leading technologies like deep learning, artificial intelligence, machine learning, cloud computing, and many more. The fastest supercomputer in India is embedded with all the latest and growing technologies The first supercomputer in the world, “CDC 6600,” was designed to solve complicated scientific calculations and physical phenomena.

Countries worldwide are designing supercomputers to enhance their capabilities and resourcefulness as supercomputers are powerful enough to help a nation curve complex areas that a general-purpose computer can’t imagine. India, till 2022 developed 15 supercomputers, and the newest supercomputer in India is PARAM Ananta. Digitization opens the doors for digital data, and the data is the fuel of the future, which is growing with complexity to handle in every field. A general-purpose computer is ineffective in computing rapidly increasing data quickly. Supercomputers operate complex data and data-oriented calculations rapidly and efficiently with their high-efficiency rate.

Now, supercomputers are focusing on implementing AI & ML technology as AI implants human intelligence into the machine so they can think and decide as humans, and ML helps in learning machines from experience. The fastest supercomputer in India: PARAM Siddhi AI is also AI-based. Supercomputers serve complicated domains like weather forecasting, aeronautical engineering, medical research, locating oil and gas geographical areas, and more.

Supercomputers are the future of the Nation and are the path to making India “Atma Nirbhar” by shaking hands with the dreams of making digital India and Made in India.  The remaining blog will help you to learn about supercomputers and the king of the fastest supercomputer in India, “PARAM Siddhi AI“.

What are Supercomputers?

what are super computers

Supercomputers are high-power mainframe computers that can quickly and efficiently compute complex data. Supercomputers are “super ” as they work in multiple domains with the most significant contribution in weather forecasting. Supercomputers are an array of processors and GPUs, each having high computational speed, working in a parallel fashion, and being clubbed together to get the final result. Parallel processing is a way to divide a task into subtasks to reduce complexity and processing time.

Supercomputers are designed for complicated processing like weather forecasting, nuclear research, government projects, etc. FLOPs (Floating point operations per second) measure the supercomputer’s performance, which is very high compared to the speed of general-purpose computers. Types of supercomputers based on the arrangement of processors:

Cluster Supercomputers

All processors are stacked together in a large room or box, and all are interconnected to perform complex computations through parallel processing. Each processor in the cluster arrangement is called a node.

Grid Supercomputers

The number of processors is interconnected through WLAN or the internet as they are distributed geographically and process complex data by parallel processing.

India is not lagging in designing powerful supercomputers, and I am proud to say that India is home to 15 supercomputers. The newest supercomputer is PARAM Ananta, and the fastest supercomputer in India is PARAM Siddhi AI.

Development of Fastest Supercomputer in India

development of fastest supercomputers in india

Supercomputers are undoubtedly a nation’s most significant asset as they have higher computation speed and processing power than general-purpose computers.

  • The journey of developing and designing of the fastest supercomputer in India started in 1980 when India faced trouble importing supercomputers.
  • In 1987 the Indian government wanted to buy Cray X-MP from the USA, but they refused, and that moment made the Indian government think of becoming self-reliant in developing indigenous supercomputers.
  • The Indian government proposed various development programs to design and develop supercomputers. In 1987 along with C-DAC other projects like C-DOT, NAL, BARC, and ANURAG were commissioned for the same process.
  • In 1987, C-DAC designed a three-year mission for supercomputing machines for weather forecasting and academics.
  • In 1991, India got its first supercomputer PARAM 8000, with processing power in GFlops as per the first mission of C-DAC. In 1992/93, India released PARAM 8600.
  • The second mission of C-DAC was to develop supercomputers of 100 GFLOPS, and with this, India made it happen by creating PARAM 9000 in 1993 and PARAM 10000 in 1998.
  • India got its first supercomputer to be ranked in the world, PARAM Padma, in 2002, fulfilling the third mission of the C-DAC.
  • From 2012-2017, India designed a 12th five-year plan with IIS Bangalore to develop more powerful supercomputers with the contribution of other commissions.
  • In 2015, NSM was implemented with a seven-year plan to develop and install 73 indigenous supercomputers to connect geographically dispersed computational machines through a speedy network so that different researchers and academic institutes can combine and work.
  • The achievement of India has not stopped yet, and we have the fastest supercomputer in India is PARAM Siddhi AI, and still more in the race.

Fastest Supercomputer in India

fastest supercomputer of india PARAM Sidhi AI

The fastest supercomputer in India is PARAM Siddhi AI with 210 AI Petaflops launched on 16 November 2020 and holds 63 ranks among the top 500 non-distributed supercomputers of the world. It was designed and developed jointly by the Department of Science & Technology (DST) and the Ministry of Electronics and Information Technology at C-DAC (Center for Development of Advanced Computing), Pune, under the National Supercomputing Mission (NSM).

PARAM (PARAllel Machine) Siddhi AI (Artificial Intelligence) is a High-Performance Computing- Artificial Intelligence ( HPC-AI) supercomputer with Rpeak of 5.267 Petaflops and Rmax of 4.6 Petaflops. PARAM siddhi is a remarkable achievement in India, and it is a boon for startups and software developers. It encapsulates packages for various domains like estimating oil prices, R&D, weather forecasting, aero-design studies, physics computation, mathematical implementation, and online education.

The fastest supercomputer in India PARAM Siddhi AI is the first supercomputer in India to be counted among the world’s top 500 supercomputers. This supercomputer inbuilt the powerful AI technology that helps decision-making and provides intelligence. This fastest supercomputer in India is our brilliant minds’ effort and willingness to stand India in the race to develop supercomputers.

Features of the Fastest Supercomputer in India

features of supercomputer of india

  • PARAM Siddhi AI ranks 63 among the world’s top 500 supercomputers and is the fastest supercomputer in India till date.
  • It is a non-distributed supercomputer, and all parts are interconnected at C-DAC, Pune. Non-Distributed supercomputers are computers whose all processors are not geographically apart and are located in the same place.
  • It is built with a three-layer security system to maintain the security of confidential data using AI features.
  • PARAM, an acronym for PARAllel Machine, means all computations are carried out by parallel processing. A complex task is divided into chunks and distributed to each processor. They combine the result of all processors to get the final output.
  • Its Rpeak value is 5.267 Petaflops and Rmax is 4.6 Petaflops.
  • Its Rmax and Rpeak values are performance measure parameters that score a supercomputer using LINPACK Benchmark.
  • PARAM Siddhi AI is an Artificial Intelligence-based supercomputer that is intelligent enough to learn from experience and can make future predictions on its own.
  • Its AI technology will help strengthen the R&D department, Medical science, and flood-prone metro cities.
  • It is from the PARAM series of supercomputers under the NSM of India.
  • It is built with high accuracies and skills like deep learning, machine learning, visual reality, accelerated computing, and many more.
  • It is the most outstanding and honorable achievement of Indian scientists and researchers.

Application Areas of the Fastest Supercomputer in India

application areas of the fastest supercomputer of india

The fastest supercomputer in India PARAM Siddhi AI is a proud moment for the whole country and appreciation to all its design and development team. It will strengthen the application development for advanced materials, computational chemistry, and astrophysics. The fastest supercomputer in India will help in multiple domains like drug design and health care systems and flood prediction in metro cities like Mumbai, Delhi, Chennai, Patna, Pune, and Guwahati.

This fastest supercomputer in India helped in speeding up the war against COVID-19 by strengthening the R & D department through more effective medical imaging, simulation, genome forecasting, and future prediction. The weather forecasting features help the country predict the weather conditions and help farmers and people’s lives. Initially, India’s mission in developing supercomputers was to predict weather on their own to help the agriculture-dependent population and proudly own genius scientists win the race and develop more efficient supercomputers.

PARAM SIDDHI AI Fastest Supercomputer of India

Artificial Intelligence in the Fastest Supercomputer in India

Artificial Intelligence in fastest supercomputer of india

Artificial Intelligence is one of the most popular technologies that help make self-decision-oriented machines. AI is an interdisciplinary field where machines are trained with training datasets through Machine Learning, after which they implement their learning on the actual datasets. In generalized form, AI makes machine humans intelligent to make decisions per the condition, reducing the time and burden of programming a machine for every new dataset and need.

AI is used in various fields like speech recognition, face recognition, fraud detection, email filtering, etc. In 2020, NITI Ayog launched the National Program for AI to design machines with AI technology to make them more secure and efficient. India takes its first step in implementing supercomputing with AI combining powerful computing with human-like intelligence, and India’s first step in achieving this proud moment is PARAM Siddhi AI. PARAM Siddhi AI is the fusion of AI and supercomputer technology to have the capabilities of supercomputers with intelligence.

The word “intelligence” means that machines are efficient in problem-solving, decision-making, learning, and reasoning without spoon-feeding manual programming for every condition or changing environment. The AI technology in the fastest supercomputer in India PARAM Siddhi will help robust application developments for advanced materials, computational chemistry, and astrophysics. Supercomputers with AI features are a starting foundation for further achievement in this growing field, and India makes a stand in the world by making the fastest supercomputer in India with AI.

National Supercomputing Mission

National Supercomputing Mission

India started the National Supercomputing Mission to fuel up and boost the development process of the fastest supercomputer in India. With a pool of talented and brilliant minds, India is devoted to making the best of the supercomputers, and PARAM series supercomputers are its witness. The Indian government started a seven-year mission called the National Supercomputing Mission (NSM) in 2015 to develop and install seven three indigenous supercomputers at different educational institutes around the country and allot a handsome amount of 2500 crores.

Objectives of NSM:

  • To connect R&D and educational institutions on a high computing platform.
  • To make India digitally strong and make India competitive with the world in designing supercomputers.
  • To connect R&D and educational institutions using a supercomputing grid.
  • To make India self-dependent in the research areas and supercomputing technologies.
  • To make our scientists and researchers more powerful, do adequate research and development to grow and uplift delicate areas.
  • To help India in acquiring a remarkable position in designing supercomputers and can solve global and national problems.


The fastest supercomputer in India PARAM Siddhi AI proved itself with remarkable outputs and strengthened the Indian structure for leading technologies. In the field of AI and ML it is a loud answer to all nations that India is not lagging in developing new technologies. It is a mirror for future growth using AI and other emerging technologies that play an important role in dealing with complex computational areas.

We need to run a long to meet the features of the Frontier by the USA ( fastest supercomputer in the world) with a performance speed of 1102 Petaflops as PARAM Siddhi is at 6.5 Petaflops. Our scientists and researchers are working hard to implement AI technology and develop more powerful supercomputers

Frequently Asked Question’s

1. Which will be the supercomputer of India in 2022?

One of the fastest supercomputer in India is PARAM Ananta which was launched on May 30, 2022, at IIT, Gandhinagar. This supercomputer was developed under the NSM by C-DAC and IIT Gandhinagar. It is at 102 positions among the world’s top 500 supercomputers, with a peak performance of 3.3 Petaflops.

PARAM Ananta will help in providing a focused approach for areas like machine learning, data science, computational fluid dynamics, and more.

2. Is pratyush India’s fastest supercomputer?

No, the fastest supercomputer in India is PARAM Siddhi AI, with a processing capacity of 6.5 Petaflops and representing India at 63 among the top 500 supercomputers of the world.

Pratyush one of the fastest supercomputer in India is in the 67th position with a performance speed of 3.7 Petaflops.

It was the fastest supercomputer in India before PARAM Siddhi and is the first supercomputer to be counted among the first 100 supercomputers in the list. Pratyush is installed in Noida and is used for weather forecasting with alerts for floods, cyclones, and droughts.

3. Which is the fastest supercomputer?

PARAM Siddhi AI is the fastest supercomputer in India, with a processing power of 6.5 Petaflops; It is embedded with AI technology for immediate processing and more accurate predictions. Implementing more AI-based technologies is an achievement and stepping stone for AI technology. PARAM Siddhi is a boon for application development and startups.

The fastest supercomputer in the world is USA’s Frontier, with a very high performance of 1102 PetaFlops. This supercomputer is a potent and first authentic exascale machine with 9,408 nodes. It defeated the Fugaku supercomputer by Japan with a performance of 442 PetaFlops.

4. Who developed PARAM Siddhi?

PARAM Siddhi is the most significant achievement developed by the Department of Science & Technology (DST) and the Ministry of Electronics and Information Technology, at C-DAC (Center for Development of Advanced Computing), Pune, under the National Supercomputing Mission (NSM). It was launched in November 2020 and is the most powerful and fastest supercomputer in India with AI technology.

PARAM Siddhi holds the 63rd position among the 100 fastest supercomputers in the world. It is deployed at C-DAC, Pune, with a processing capacity of 6.5 PetaFlops and wrapped with various packages for weather forecasting, oil repositories, and more.

5. What is the full form of PARAM?

PARAM stands for PARAllel Machine and is a series of supercomputers designed and developed by C-DAC, Pune. PARAM is a Sanskrit word that means “supreme” or “prime important.”

The development of the PARAM series supercomputer started in 1991 with the first supercomputer, PARAM 8000. These supercomputers are groups of processors working in parallel to perform a task by dividing it into sub-tasks.

6. What is the rank of the Pratyush supercomputer in the world?

Pratyush holds the 67th position in the world, and it is the first supercomputer in India that became successful in counting among world’s 100 fastest supercomputers. Pratyush is located in the Indian Institute of Meteorology, Pune, and helps in weather forecasting and predicting alerts for floods, cyclones, and droughts. With the performance capacity of 3.7 petaFlops.

Recently, Pratyush fell at the top500 list (A report ranking the fastest supercomputers in the world) and was installed in 2018.

7. Which is the first supercomputer in India?

The first supercomputer in India was PARAM 8000, developed by Vijay P Bhaktar in 1991 under C-DAC’s first mission to resolve the complicated and costly process of purchasing foreign supercomputers.

Earlier, India depended on the USA for prediction and to make India self-reliant in the journey for the development of supercomputers by the “architect of India’s initiative in supercomputing,” i.e., Mr. Vijay P Bhaktar.

8. Who is the father of supercomputers in India?

Vijay Pandurang Bhatkar, an Indian scientist, IT leader, and educator, is the father of supercomputing in India and designed the first supercomputer, PARAM 8000, in 1991 to set up the development of fastest supercomputer in India.

He laid the foundation for PARAM series supercomputers and won India’s most honorable awards, like Padma Shri and Padma Bhushan. He is surviving as a Vice-Chancellor at Nalanda University, Bihar.

9. How many supercomputers are in India?

India has 15 supercomputers with an aggregate computational capacity of 24 petaflops. There are only two supercomputers: PARAM Siddhi and Pratyush, among the top 100 fastest supercomputers of the world, and three supercomputers in the list of Top500. Under the mission of NSM, India planned to install seventy-three indigenous supercomputers to connect R & D and educational institutes.

India is far behind the fastest supercomputer in the world, but the flame of making more powerful supercomputers is growing with time due to highly qualified scientists and researchers.

10. Which country has the most powerful supercomputer?

The USA has the most powerful supercomputer of 2022, and that is Frontier. This supercomputer is so powerful that it possesses a processing power of 1102 petaflop with around 9,408 nodes and is based on Cray X. It is installed at Oak Ridge Leadership Computing Facility, USA.

Each node consists of one CPU, 4 GPUs, and flash memory of 5 terabytes. Its processing power is 62.62 gigaflops/watt.

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